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Musical Terms

A Cappella - Brillante
Callando - Dur
E - Incalzando
Lacrymosa - Non troppo
Obbligato - Ruhig
Scherzo - Sul ponticello
Tacet - Zu

Musical Terms


 

O

ObbligatoIndispensable, cannot be omitted
Opus (Lat.)A work. A published composition, e.g Symphony No.4 in E minor, Op. 98. Brahms
OssiaOr. The word indicates an alternative version of a passage
Ostinato(lit, obstinate.) Frequently repeated e.g. Basso ostinato a composition in which a bass tune (usually of 4 or 8 bars) is repeated with varied treatment at each repetition
Ottava
Ott.
Octave
Ottava bassaAn octave lower
 

P

Parlando
Parlante
(lit, speaking.) To be sung in declamatory fashion with particular care for the enunciation of the words
Partitur (Ger.) A full orchestral score
PassionatoPassionately
PastoraleIn a pastoral style
PateticoWith feeling, with pathos
PausaA rest (see G.P.)
Ped.Depress the right (sustaining) pedal of the piano. The sign * means that the pedal should be released
Perdendosi Dying away
PesanteHeavy, ponderous
PiacevolePleasing, agreeable
PiangevolePlaintively
Piano
p
Soft
Pianissimo
pp or ppp
Very softly
PiuMore
Piu allegroQuicker, more lively
Piu lentoMore slowly
Pui mossoMore movement, quicker
Pizzicato
Pizz.
Plucked (in string music)
Plus (Fr.)More
PochettinoA very little
PochissimoAs small as possible
PocoA little
Poco a pocoLittle by little
PoiThen
PonticelloThe bridge of a violin or similar instrument. Sul ponticello is a direction to string players to play near the bridge
Portamento A term to express the effect produced on a stringed instrument or by the human voice in gliding with extreme smoothness from note to note
Precipitato
Precipitoso
Precipitately, impetuously
PrestissimoAs fast as possible
PrestoVery quick
Prima voltaFirst time (1 ma volta)
PrimoFirst
 

Q

Quasi As if, almost
Quasi recitativoLike a recitative
Quasi una fantasiaAs if it were a fantasia, in the style of a fantasia
 

R

Rallentando
RaIl.
Becoming gradually slower
R.H. (Eng.) Right hand
Repetizione
Replica
Repetition
RigorosoStrictly
Rinforzando Reinforcing, i.e. increased tone on a single note or a small group of notes not strictly a sudden accent
RisolutoResolute, bold
RisvegliatoWith increased animation
Ritardando
Ritard
Gradually slower
Ritenuto Held back
Ritmico.Rhythmically
RubatoRobbed, stolen, taking a portion of the duration from one note or group of notes and adding it to another, so that although the detail varies the length of the phrase is normal
Ruhig (Ger.)Calm
 
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